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The Utrecht Caravaggio
Utrecht, one of the northern cities of the Netherlands, which did not accept religious innovation in the form of Protestantism, remained under the control of the Catholic Vatican. Therefore, Utrecht artists were strongly influenced by Italian art. For example, the Dutch artist Henrik Terbruggen was personally acquainted with Caravaggio and his works. Besides, Terbruggen was his great admirer and follower.
Michelangelo and Caravaggio had a great impact on the art of many European countries with their work. The artists in Utrecht adopted free composition, large-scale figures of characters, depicted as from a simple life without pathos; sliding contrasting light and other innovations.
The Utrecht Caravaggists used for their scenes simple and easily understandable themes: card and dice games, concerts at home, meals, but with a more optimistic and cheerful mood, not with a dramatic implication, as it was in Italy. When we speak about The Utrecht Caravagists, we mention such famous artists as Gerrit van Hoonthorst, Dirk van Baburen, Hendrik Terryruggen, Jan van Baylert and Jan van Gerrits Bronhorst.

"... This picture reflects the features of Flemish art, namely the use of oil paints that makes possible depicting the nuances and transitions of tones on each other, creating a veiling effect, which in this case makes the picture bright and glossy, allowing the painter to show various surface textures, and even the smallest details. This is also clear in the details of the representation of reality and, moreover, it highlights the taste of Mannerism, as it can be seen in the accuracy of the objects and lace on the shirt. Even in portraits we feel the typical Flemish character; these portraits are not front-line, but rotated by three-fourths, so that means they are turned to the right or to the left with a gaze directed into the void... " From preliminary attribution. 


 
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